SOME INDICATORS OF THE SENSORIMOTOR SYSTEMS OF STUDENTS AGED 7-10 AT THE BEGINNING OF A ONE-YEAR EDUCATIONAL CYCLE IN A SPECIAL (I-II TYPE) CORRECTIONAL AND GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS

Authors

  • G.D. Aleksanyants Kuban State University of Education, Sport and Tourism, Krasnodar
  • O.A. Medvedeva Kuban State University of Education, Sport and Tourism, Krasnodar
  • T.G. Topchiy State public educational institution of the Krasnodar Territory special (correctional) boarding school
  • A.V. Volkov Municipal autonomous educational institution of the municipality of the city of Krasnodar Gymnasium No. 18 named after the Hero of the Soviet Union Anatoly Berezovoy
  • E.G. Selikhova Municipal autonomous educational institution of the municipality of the city of Krasnodar Gymnasium No. 18 named after the Hero of the Soviet Union Anatoly Berezovoy

Keywords:

indicators of sensorimotor systems; children 7-10 years old; auditory deprivation.

Abstract

 Objective of the study was to study some indicators of sensorimotor systems in students aged 7-10 at the beginning of a one-year educational cycle in a special correctional I-II type and general education schools.

Methods and structure of the study. The survey involved 311 healthy schoolchildren aged 7-10 years and 96 peers suffering from sensorineural hearing loss (III-IV degree). The Neurosoft-NS-Psychotest complex was used. In children, a simple visual-motor reaction (VMR) was studied; reaction to a moving object. We analyzed the results obtained in the methods of "reaction time of discrimination" and "reaction time of choice".

Results and conclusions. As we grow older, the period of the sensorimotor reaction decreases, which is associated with the process of maturation of the central structures of the brain and the improvement of the functional state of the neuromuscular apparatus. In children 9-10 years old, the degree of balance between the processes of excitation and inhibition is greater in strength, which indicates the balance of nervous processes and the stability of the functioning of the nervous system at this age. With increasing age in children, the mobility of nervous processes is optimized. The functioning of sensorimotor systems in children 7-10 years old with auditory deprivation, in comparison with practically healthy peers, showed that the development of the mechanisms of central regulation of movements is somewhat slow.

References

Aleksanyants G.D., Medvedeva O.A., Selikhova E.G. Osobennosti adaptatsii sensomotornykh sistem detey perioda vtorogo detstva s razlichnoy stepenyu slukhovoy deprivatsii v usloviyakh obrazovatelnoy sredy [Peculiarities of adaptation of sensorimotor systems in children of the period of second childhood with varying degrees of auditory deprivation in the conditions of the educational environment]. Peredovyye issledovaniya Kubani [Advanced studies of the Kuban]. Proceedings annual reporting conference of grant holders of the Kuban Science Foundation. (Sochi, June 20–22, 2022). Krasnodar: Kubanskiy nauchnyy fond publ., 2022. 392 p.

Aleksanyants G.D., Medvedeva O.A., Topchiy T.G. et al. Osobennosti fizicheskoy podgotovlennosti detey mladshego shkolnogo vozrasta, obuchayushchikhsya v obshcheobrazovatelnoy i spetsialnoy korrektsionnoy (I-II vida) shkolakh, v nachale uchebnogo goda [Features of physical fitness of children of primary school age, studying in general education and special correctional (I-II types) schools, at the beginning of the academic year]. Pedagogiko-psikhologicheskiye i medko-biologicheskiye problemy fizicheskoy kultury i sporta. 2022. Vol. 17. No. 2. pp. 126-132.

Aleksanyants G.D., Selikhova E.G., Medvedeva O.A. Psikhofiziologicheskiye pokazateli koordinatsionometrii u detey [Psychophysiological indicators of coordinationometry in children]. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury. 2020. No. 11. p. 17.

Vilenskaya T.E. Teoriya i tekhnologiya zdorovyesberezheniya v protsesse fizicheskogo vospitaniya detey mladshego shkolnogo vozrasta [Theory and technology of health saving in the process of physical education of children of primary school age]. PhD diss. abstract. Krasnodar, 2011. 19 p.

Glazun T.V. Funktsionalnoye sostoyaniye organizma uchashchikhsya 1-6 klassov v usloviyakh primeneniya variativnykh obrazovatelnykh i fizkulturno-ozdorovitelnykh tekhnologiy [The functional state of the body of students in grades 1-6 in the context of the use of variable educational and physical culture and health technologies]. PhD diss. abstract. Maykop, 2006. 204 p.

Denisova L.V., Khmelnitskaya I.V., Kharchenko L.A. Izmereniya i metody matematicheskoy statistiki v fizicheskom vospitanii i sporte: uchebnoye posobiye dlya vuzov [Measurements and methods of mathematical statistics in physical education and sports]. Textbook for universities. Kyiv: Olimpiyskaya literature publ., 2008. 127 p.

Chermit K.D., Begidova S.N., Bguashev A.B. et al. Didakticheskiye zakonomernosti i printsipy postroyeniya fizicheskogo vospitaniya i sportivnoy podgotovki detey i molodezhi [Didactic patterns and principles of building physical education and sports training for children and youth]. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 3: Pedagogika i psikhologiya. 2014. No. 4 (146). pp. 146-154.

Dorontsev A.V. Otsenka urovnya razvitiya koordinatsionno-dvigatelnogo potentsiala u malchikov 12-13 let s neyrosensornoy tugoukhostyu I-II stepeni, zanimayushchikhsya adaptivnym basketbolom [Evaluation of the level of development of the coordination-motor potential in boys aged 12-13 with sensorineural hearing loss of I-II degree, involved in adaptive basketball]. Pedagogiko-psikhologicheskiye i mediko-biologicheskiye problemy fizicheskoy kultury i sporta. 2020. No.15 (4). pp. 109-114.

Kaigorodova N.Z. Issledovaniye psikhofiziologicheskikh morfofunktsionalnykh osobennostey uchashchikhsya, nakhodyashchikhsya na raznykh etapakh adaptatsii k nachalnoy i sredney shkole [The study of psychophysiological morphological and functional characteristics of students at different stages of adaptation to primary and secondary school]. Valeologiya. 2002. No. 3. pp. 97-101.

Litvinov E.V. Programma po fizicheskomu vospitaniyu [Physical education program]. Sport v shkole. 2006. No. 22. pp. 3-4.

Medvedev O.A., Aleksanyants G.D. Fiziologicheskiye pokazateli zritelno-motornogo vospriyatiya (chuvstva) uchashchikhsya obshcheobrazovatelnoy i korrektsionnoy shkol [Physiological indicators of visual-motor perception (feelings) of students of general education and correctional schools]. Sovremennyye naukoyemkiye tekhnologii. 2010. No. 9. pp. 90-91.

Published

25-12-2022

How to Cite

Aleksanyants, G. ., Medvedeva, O. ., Topchiy, T. ., Volkov, A., & Selikhova, E. . (2022). SOME INDICATORS OF THE SENSORIMOTOR SYSTEMS OF STUDENTS AGED 7-10 AT THE BEGINNING OF A ONE-YEAR EDUCATIONAL CYCLE IN A SPECIAL (I-II TYPE) CORRECTIONAL AND GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS. Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, (12). Retrieved from http://tpfk.ru/index.php/TPPC/article/view/471

Issue

Section

PEOPLE’S PHYSICAL ACTIVITY