FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE HEART OF SWIMMERS

Authors

  • M.A. Grishan Russian State Social University, Moscow
  • S.Yu. Zavalishina Russian State Social University, Moscow
  • S.V. Tokareva Southwest State University, Kursk
  • A.Yu. Skripina Southwest State University, Kursk

Keywords:

swimming, ultrasound, myocardium, heart, left ventricle, physical training.

Abstract

Objective of the study was to evaluate the cardiac activity of young swimmers.

Methods and structure of the study. The scientific work was carried out on 19 young swimmers with at least three years of swimming experience. The control group included 22 young volunteers who had not been involved in sports throughout their lives. In both groups, an ultrasound examination of the heart was performed using the SSD-80 Aloka device (Japan). Statistical processing was carried out by calculating Student's t-test.

Results and conclusions. In trained swimmers, hypertrophy of the left ventricle was noted with an increase in the mass and thickness of its posterior wall, with an optimum of its external size and cavity volume. In swimmers, a physiologically beneficial increase in the mass of the left ventricle was noted with its normal contractility and the optimal size of its cavity. Well-trained swimmers had a higher rate of myocardial relaxation than physically untrained young men.

References

Kapilevich L.V. Fiziologicheskiy control tekhnicheskoy podgotovlennosti sportsmenov [Physiological control of sportsmen's technical readiness]. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury. 2010. No. 11. pp. 12-15.

Korolevich A.N., Davydov V.Yu., Petryaev A.V., Sinitsin A.S. Vzaimosvyaz mezhdu skorostyu plavaniya i silovymi, morfofunktsionalnymi, psikhofiziologicheskimi pokazatelyami v plavanii [Relationship between swimming speed and power, morphofunctional, psychophysiological indicators in swimming]. Izvestiya Tulskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Fizicheskaya kultura. Sport. - 2015. - No. 1. - P. 48-57.

Medvedev I.N., Kachenkova E.S. Funktsionalnyye osobennosti serdtsa u legkoatletov [Functional features of the heart in athletes]. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury. 2021. No. 8. pp.20-21.

Simonenko V.B., Medvedev I.N., Tolmachev V.V. Patogeneticheskiye aspekty arterialnoy gipertonii pri metabolicheskom sindrome [Pathogenetic aspects of arterial hypertension in metabolic syndrome]. Klinicheskaya meditsina. 2011. Vol. 89. No. 1. pp. 49-51.

Simonenko V.B., Medvedev I.N., Bryukhovetsky A.G. Diureticheskaya terapiya i funktsionalnaya aktivnost trombotsitov u bolnykh arterialnoy gipertoniyey v sochetanii s abdominalnym ozhireniyem [Diuretic therapy and platelet functional activity in patients with arterial hypertension in combination with abdominal obesity]. Klinicheskaya meditsina. 2012. Vol. 90. No. 11. pp. 54-56.

Karpov V.Yu., Medvedev I.N., Kazakov D.A., Sibgatulina F.R., Shulgin A.M., Krasnov R.B. Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation for Ulnar Neuritis. Biomedical & Pharmacology Journal. 2020. Vol. 13 (2). рp. 585-590.

Karpov V.Yu., Medvedev I.N., Romanova A.V., Usov S.S., Kozyakov R.V. Functional Disorders in the Respiratory System in Adolescents with Bronchial Asthma. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2019. Vol.10, № 8. рp. 1904-1909.

Karpov V.Yu., Medvedev I.N., Komarov M.N., Lapina N.M., Sharagin V.I. Physical Rehabilitation of Adolescents with Bronchial Asthma. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2019. Vol.10. № 8. рp. 1910-1914.

Makhov A.S., Medvedev I.N., Mikhailova I.V., Alifirov A.I. Psychological satisfaction of parents of young football players with a mosaic form of down syndrome by the quality of sports training. Prensa Medica Argentina. 2019. Vol. 105 (8). рp. 477-482.

Makhov A.S., Medvedev I.N. Physiological and morphological peculiarities of children with Down’s syndrome: A brief review. Bali Medical Journal. 2020. № 9 (1). рp. 51-54.

Medvedev I.N., Karpov V.Yu., Makurina O.N., Eremin M.V., Dorontsev A.V., Sibgatulina F.R., Ivanov D.A. Functional reaction of the cardiovascular system to irritation of vestibular receptors in students engaged in different types of martial arts. International journal of biology and biomedical engineering. 2022. No. 16. рp. 96-104.

Medvedev I.N., Savchenko A.P., Kiperman Ya.V. Dynamics of the Intravascular Activity of Platelets in Young Men with High Normal Blood Pressure Regularly Practicing Physical Activity.Biology and Medicine (Aligarh). № 7 (1). BM-069-15.

Published

25-12-2022 — Updated on 25-12-2022

Versions

How to Cite

Grishan, M., Zavalishina, S. ., Tokareva, S. ., & Skripina, A. . (2022). FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE HEART OF SWIMMERS. Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, (12). Retrieved from http://tpfk.ru/index.php/TPPC/article/view/466

Issue

Section

SPORT PHYSIOLOGY