ATTENTION, PRE-COMPETITIVE STATE AND MENTAL RELIABILITY OF BILLIARD PLAYERS DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF SPORTS QUALIFICATION
Keywords:billiards, billiard-players, attention, precompetitive state, mental reliability.
Objective of the study was to compare the development of the psychological characteristics of billiard players.
Methods and structure of the study. The study involved 18 athletes - billiard players from the Republic of Kazakhstan, who were divided into two groups depending on the level of sports qualifications. For psychodiagnostics, three methods were used: Bourdon's attention test, the "Athlete's Mental Reliability" method (V.E. Milman), and the method of athletes' precompetitive state (D.N. Volkov).
Results and conclusions. The results obtained in the course of the study prove the important role of concentration and stability of attention in achieving sports results in billiards. It was revealed that the cognitive component of the precompetitive state, which is closely related to the development of attention, and the emotional component of the precompetitive state, which is determined by the level of self-regulation, have a greater impact on the results of billiard players.
The results of the study confirm significant differences between the indicators of attention, pre-start state (in terms of cognitive and emotional components) and mental reliability of billiard players, depending on the level of sports qualification.
The study revealed that external uncertainty is the most powerful stress factor in the competitive activity of billiard players, while personal stability is the most significant indicator of mental reliability of billiard players. The new data obtained can be used as the basis for the development of a program for the psychological support of billiard players.
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