FEATURES OF ADAPTATION TO INTENSIVE PHYSICAL LOAD OF SKILLED CYCLISTS SPECIALIZING IN MOUNTAIN BIKE

Authors

  • P.V. Kvashuk Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow; 2Fеdеrаl Trаining Sроrts Center of the Representative Teams of Russia, Moscow
  • A.V. Voronov Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow
  • G.N. Semaeva Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow; Fеdеrаl Trаining Sроrts Center of the Representative Teams of Russia, Moscow
  • R.V. Malkin Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow

Keywords:

сyclists, mountain bike, working capacity, adaptation, physical activity, working capacity.

Abstract

Objective of the study was to identify the features of the adaptation of the neuromuscular apparatus and vegetative functions to physical activity of progressively increasing power and the mechanisms for maintaining the performance of qualified cyclists specializing in mountain biking.

Methods and structure of the study. The work was attended by five cyclists of CMS and MS qualifications, specializing in mountain biking (MTB). As a model testing load, a standard stepwise test was used, performed to “failure”. The test load was performed on an ELITE bike machine, REAL-TURBO-MUIN model (Italy).

Results and conclusions.  This study shows that, along with additional activation of presumably fast muscle fibers at a power of 75-80% max, an effective mechanism for maintaining the special performance of qualified cyclists is the level of intermuscular coordination, which provides synergism in the work of the thigh and lower leg muscles with a further increase in pedaling power.

Author Biographies

P.V. Kvashuk, Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow; 2Fеdеrаl Trаining Sроrts Center of the Representative Teams of Russia, Moscow

Dr. Hab., Professor

A.V. Voronov, Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow

Dr. Biol.

G.N. Semaeva, Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sports (VNIIFK), Moscow; Fеdеrаl Trаining Sроrts Center of the Representative Teams of Russia, Moscow

PhD

References

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Published

19-08-2022 — Updated on 19-08-2022

Versions

How to Cite

Kvashuk, P. ., Voronov, . A. ., Semaeva, G., & Malkin, R. . (2022). FEATURES OF ADAPTATION TO INTENSIVE PHYSICAL LOAD OF SKILLED CYCLISTS SPECIALIZING IN MOUNTAIN BIKE. Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, (7), 10–13. Retrieved from http://tpfk.ru/index.php/TPPC/article/view/274

Issue

Section

THEORY AND METHODS OF SPORTS

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