Construction of the annual macrocycle of short-distance runners at the stage of in-depth specialization


  • M.S. Kozhedub Skorina Gomel State University, Gomel, Belarus
  • D. Godun Skorina Gomel State University, Gomel, Belarus
  • E.P. Vrublevsky Skorina Gomel State University, Gomel, Belarus


analysis, training, annual cycle, load distribution, sprinters, means, volume, intensity, organization.


Objective of the study was to improving the sports training of sprinters aged 15-17 years based on the analysis of the dynamics of their training loads and the ratio of work of various directions in the annual cycle.

Methods and structure of the study. Variants of individual planning of year-round training were subjected to statistical analysis in 23 sprinters of the I sports category (n=18) and candidates for master of sports (n=5). The volume of fixed assets of training was fixed in specific units of measurement (kilometers, tons, number of times) and from the total annual volume, taken as 100%, the load dynamics by months of the annual training cycle was calculated as a percentage.

Results and conclusions.  On the basis of statistical analysis, the issues of organizing the training load and the ratio of work of various predominant directions in the structure of the annual cycle of training for sprinters of a given level of sportsmanship are considered. The nature and dynamics of the distribution of training means for athletes by months of the annual macrocycle were determined. The data obtained indicate that the modulation of the load parameters in terms of magnitude and direction, as well as the content and nature, should not only correspond to the strategic goals of training in the macrocycle, but also be commensurate with the natural course of development of the athlete's motor function.

Author Biography

E.P. Vrublevsky, Skorina Gomel State University, Gomel, Belarus

Dr. Hab., Professor


Borzov V. Osobennosti metodiki trenirovochnogo processa sprintera [Features of the methodology of the sprinter's training process]. Nauka v olimpijskom sporte. 2020. No. 3. pp. 86-91.

Vrublevsky E.P. Individualizaciya trenirovochnogo processa sportsmenok v skorostno-silovyh vidah legkoj atletiki [Individualization of the training process of athletes in speed-strength types of athletics]. Moscow: Sovetskij sport, 2009. 232 p.

Johnson M. Zolotaya lihoradka. Kak delayut olimpijskih chempionov [The Gold Rush. How Olympic champions are made]. Moscow: Eksmo publ., 2012. 400 p.

Issurin V.B. Podgotovka sportsmenov XXI veka. Nauchnye osnovy i postroenie trenirovki [Training athletes of the XXI century. Scientific basis and construction of training]. Moscow: Sport publ., 2016. 454 p.

Bobrovnik V.I., Sovenko S.P., Kolota A.V. [ed.] Legkaya atletika [Athletics]. Textbook. K.: Logos publ., 2017. 759 p.

Pavlov S.E., Pavlova T.N. Tekhnologiya podgotovki sportsmenov [Technology of training athletes]. Shchelkovo: Martohin P.Yu. publ., 2011. 344 p.

Platonov V.P. Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpijskom sporte. Obshchaya teoriya i ee prakticheskie prilozheniya [The system of training athletes in Olympic sports. General theory and its practical applications]. Textbook. K.: Olimpijskaya literature publ., 2004. 808 p.

Bompa T.O. Periodization training for sports / T.O. Bompa, M.C. Carrera. – Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2005. 272 p.

Sevdalev S.V., Kozhedub M.S., Vrublevskiy E.P., Mitusova E.D. Biorhythm-based individualization of training of female different distance runners. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury. 2020. 5. рр. 83-85.

Sevdalev S., Skidan A., Vrublevskiy E. Organizational and methodical aspects of individualization of health improving female training. Human. Sport. Medicine 2020. 20(S1). 69-76.

Vrublevskiy E.P., Khorshidakhmed K.H., Albarkaii D.A. Focused strength and speed-strength trainings of sprinters. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury. 2019. 4. рр. 3–5.

Washif J.A., Kok L.Y. Relationships between vertical jump metrics and sprint performance, and qualities that distinguish between faster and slower sprinters. Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise. 2021. рр. 1-10.



How to Cite

Kozhedub, M. ., Godun, D. ., & Vrublevsky, E. . (2022). Construction of the annual macrocycle of short-distance runners at the stage of in-depth specialization . Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, (6), 18–21. Retrieved from