Coordination of regulated breathing regimes at the fire range of qualified biathlonists of different types of competitive readiness
Keywords:biathlon shooting, breathing capabilities, regulated breathing patterns, breathing exercise complexes, types of biathletes' competitive readiness.
Objective of the study was to reveal the effectiveness of coordination of regulated breathing regimes (RBR) of qualified biathletes of various types of competitive preparedness with actions at the shooting range.
Methods and structure of the study. The basis of the experimental training of biathletes was the RBR, developed on the basis of seven complexes of breathing exercises (CBE). Qualified biathletes (СMS) were divided into four groups. Three experimental (EG): "generalists"; "racers"; “shooters” and control (CG) with nine athletes each, 36 in total. Shooting training with the use of CBE and RBR in the annual cycle was 74 hours.
Results and conclusions. The use of RBR in the shooting training of qualified biathletes, taking into account the type of competitive preparedness in the experimental groups, contributed to: coordination of the rhythm of shooting and breathing between shots; reduction of the total time at the turn; an increase in the speed and accuracy of shooting; increase the effectiveness of passing the firing line.
The developed regulated breathing regimes should be used in the shooting training of qualified biathletes, taking into account: the mechanisms of the impact of breathing exercises on the athlete's body; functional and physical condition during shooting; in accordance with the type of competitive readiness.
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- 29-06-2022 (1)
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