Special endurance of highly qualified judoists and the method of its quantitative assessment in preparation for responsible competitions
Keywords:judo, peak sports form, competitive activity, special endurance, blood pH, lactate.
Objective of the study was to substantiate methods for assessing the level of development of special endurance of wrestlers on the basis of a comprehensive definition of pedagogical and biochemical indicators characterizing the effectiveness of performing a standard specific task with throws of a wrestling dummy.
Methods and structure of the study. As a result of exploratory research, the author developed a standardized test program with deflection throws of a wrestling dummy and a criterion for quantifying the level of special endurance of judo wrestlers. Based on the results of long-term observations of the dynamics of special endurance of highly qualified judoists, guidelines for a quantitative assessment of the special endurance of athletes at various stages of training are proposed. The author notes that the program of precompetitive training of wrestlers should be focused on achieving a level of special endurance that exceeds the limit value of the coefficient of special endurance (CSE) of more than five conventional units. With this level of special endurance, the load of a competitive duel does not lead to a pronounced activation of anaerobic glycolysis. The pH values after the fight will be in the optimal values (7.2-7.27 c.u.).
Volkov N.I., Shiyan V.V. Anaerobnye vozmozhnosti dzyudoistov i ih svyaz s pokazatelyami sorevnovatelnoj deyatelnosti [Anaerobic abilities of judo wrestlers and their connection with indicators of competitive activity]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kultury. 1983. No. 3. pp. 23-25.
Shepilov A.A., Klimin V.P. Vynoslivost borcov [Endurance of wrestlers]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport, 1979. 142 p.
Shiyan V.V. Teoreticheskie i metodicheskie osnovy vospitaniya specialnoj vynoslivosti vysokokvalificirovannyh borcov [Theoretical and methodical bases of education of special endurance of highly qualified wrestlers]. Doct. diss. abstract (Hab.). Moscow, 1998. 41 p.
Shiyan V.V., Nevzorov V.M. Teoriya i praktika rossijskogo dzyudo: kakovy perspektivy integracii? [Theory and practice of Russian judo: what are the prospects for integration?]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kultury. 2005. No. 5. pp. 19-25.
Azevedo P.H., Drigo A.J., Carvalho M.C., Oliveira J.C., Nunes J.E., Baldissera V., et al. Determination of judo endurance performance using the uchi-komi technique and an adapted lactate minimum test. J. Sports Sci. Med. 6, 10-14. (2007).
Dill D.B., Robinson S., Ross J. A longitudial study of 16 champion ranners. Sport Med. Phys. Fitnes, 1967. No. 7. pp. 4-27.
Pulkkinen W.J. The sport science of elite judo athletes, Pulkinetics Inc. 2001, 93 p.
ShiyanV.V. Bioenergetic factors determining the development of special endurance of wrestlers. International Journal of wrestling science, 2012. Vol. 2 No.1. pp. 17-20.
Wolkow N., Shiyan V. Bioenergetyczne kryteria oceny wytrzymalosci specjalnej zawodnikow w sportach walki In: Wybrane zagadnienia kontroli procesu treningu w sporcie wyczynowym. Warszawa, Alma-Press, 2000. pp. 200-225.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.